Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)

By Aug.04, 2021


The HADS is a 14 item scale on a 4-point Likert scale (range 0–3). It has two subscales the measure anxiety and depression.

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Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica67(6), 361–370.

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