Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)

By Aug.04, 2021

Information:

The HADS is a 14 item scale on a 4-point Likert scale (range 0–3). It has two subscales the measure anxiety and depression.

Copyright restrictions:

Ensure you cite the author(s).

Citations

Zigmond, A. S., & Snaith, R. P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica67(6), 361–370. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1983.tb09716.x

The above is not necessarily APA formatted.

Ethical Considerations:

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