My work focusses on the interaction between the environment, the immune system and disease – and how this determines fitness in wild animals and health and productivity in domesticated animals. My broad aim is to understand the evolutionary adaptiveness of immune responses in natural settings; but also to understand maladaptation of the immune system in anthropogenic settings, where exposures to symbionts (commensal micro-organisms and parasites) and environmental variation may be very different to in the wild (the context in which the immune system is adapted to function by evolution).
I work on a range of vertebrate host systems, including mammals, fishes and amphibians and in recent years my laboratory has been funded by NERC, The Leverhulme Trust, The Fisheries Society of the British Isles and the Welsh Government (National Research Network for Low Carbon Energy and Environment, NRN-LCEE).
Current and Past Projects
Details of my current research activity can be found:
in my Salford Profile Page